Value of people
The value of people is counted on their ability to pay and collect taxes. If they can’t, they might be considered as slaves. And there is a reason for it. Since they don’t want or cannot organize up enough to build the honest society, where everyone is responsible before each other, then they can just be considered and treated like sheep who need their own master.
All responsibility goes to that master. One person, one figure. It is not even legislation. He will pass away after so many attempts to keep his legacy on, though. Which is not right in the first place. Legitimacy can be only brought by the solid constitution. And that is what defines the value of people. The ability to follow the common regulations that eventually ended up in the form of constitution. The constitution helps people to obey it and follow regulations, like to pay taxes for the common wellbeing and protect the borders.